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Medwave 2003 Sep;3(8):e2779 doi: 10.5867/medwave.2003.08.2779

Intervenciones psicológicas eficaces para el afrontamiento de procedimientos médicos dolorosos en oncología pediátrica: revisión teórica

Effective psychological interventions for coping with painful medical procedures in pediatric oncology: theoretical review

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Citación: Salas M, Gabaldón O, Mayoral JL, Guerrero R, Albisu J, Amayra I. Effective psychological interventions for coping with painful medical procedures in pediatric oncology: theoretical review. Medwave 2003 Sep;3(8):e2779 doi: 10.5867/medwave.2003.08.2779
Fecha de publicación: 1/9/2003


Autores: M. Salas Arrambide (1), O. Gabaldón Poc(2), J.L. Mayoral Miravete (2), R. Guerrero Pereda (2), J. Albisu Andrade (2), I. Amayra Caro (1)
Filiación:
(1)Universidad de Deusto, Bilbao, España
(2)Hospital Donostia, Bilbao, España

Resumen [+]

Resumen

Los niños con enfermedades crónicas tienen que padecer numerosos y repetidos procedimientos médicos dolorosos. Las intervenciones psicológicas han conseguido buenos resultados en el tratamiento de este tipo de dolor pediátrico y resultan ser un buen complemento para las terapias físicas y farmacológicas, aunque este tipo de intervenciones no se han aplicado de manera sistemática en la práctica pediátrica. En este artículo se revisan algunos trabajos de investigación sobre el tratamiento cognitivo-conductual del estrés, del dolor y de la ansiedad asociados a procedimientos médicos en la población oncológica pediátrica. Se exponen los posibles beneficios derivados de este tipo de intervenciones, además de sugerencias para la realización de procedimientos médicos dolorosos utilizando técnicas cognitivo-conductuales.

Palabras clave: Procedimientos médicos dolorosos. Niños. Terapia cognitivo-conductual. Psicooncología pediátrica.
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